Neurofeedback is a type of biofeedback that uses real-time displays of brain activity - most commonly electroencephalography (recording of electrical activity of the brain) - to teach individuals how to self-regulate brain function. Neurofeedback can be added to psychological treatment to help treat a variety of conditions such as anxiety, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) is a form of non-invasive neurostimulation that delivers a small pulse via electrodes placed on the head. This treatment can be added to psychological treatments to help treat a variety of conditions such as anxiety, depression, insomnia, chronic pain and PTSD.
With a doctorate in Behavioural Neuroscience, Dr. Coppa is well-trained in the structure and function of the nervous system and the brain, including neurochemisty, neurophysiology, neurogenetics, and neuroanatomy. Her original Ph.D. focused on neuroelectrophysiological communication (electrical communication between brain cells) central to learning, memory, addiction and psychosis. Dr. Coppa also helped to develop and administer a transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) research project at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) funded by the Ontario Brain Institute (OBI). In this project, prefrontal cortex neurons (which help us to think about our responses, make decisions, plan and organize, and limit impulsive responses) were stimulated to help those suffering with various symptoms.