In Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) individuals learn to identify, question and alter their thoughts and beliefs related to their emotional and behavioural reactions that cause them difficulty. Clients identify distortions in their thinking, see thoughts as ideas rather than as facts, and learn to stand back from their thinking to consider situations from different viewpoints.
Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) is effective in reducing symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and other reactions that have developed after experiencing traumatic events. Individuals learn how to challenge and modify unhelpful beliefs related to the trauma. In so doing, a new understanding of the traumatic event is created so that it reduces its ongoing negative effects on an individual's life.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) encourages people to embrace their thoughts and feelings rather than fighting them or feeling guilty for them. This treatment combines mindfulness, self-acceptance and commitment to goals.
Emotion Focused Therapy (EFT) recognizes the importance of emotions and helps individuals to develop increased awareness of emotion, enhanced emotional regulation, and changed emotions. As a result, emotional identity become more realistic and individuals can better cope with stressors.
In Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) people are taught to accept that their experiences and behaviours are valid and to better manage their intense emotional reactions, particularly those related to relationships. Rigid thinking, crisis jumping, and self-punishing behaviours are addressed.
In Solution Focused Therapy (SFT) the client’s ability to solve current problems is highlighted. Practitioners focus on goal-oriented questioning to assist a client in moving into a future-oriented direction, rather than focusing on past experiences.
Psychodynamic Therapy focuses on unconscious processes as they are manifested in a person’s present behaviour. Clients self-awareness and understanding of the influence of the past on present behaviour is increased. This enables the client to examine unresolved conflicts and symptoms that arise from past dysfunctional relationships that manifest themselves during adulthood.